(American Beech)

Scientific Name: Fagus grandifolia

General Description
The sapwood is white with a red tinge, while the heartwood is light to dark reddish brown.  The wood is generally straight-grained with a close uniform texture.

Working Properties
Beech works readily with most hand and machine tools.  It has good nailing and gluing properties and can be stained to a good finish.  The wood dries fairly rapidly but with a strong tendency to warp, split and surface check.  It is subject to a high shrinkage and moderate movement in performance.

Physical Properties
Beech is classed as heavy, hard, strong, high in resistance to shock and highly suitable for steam bending.

Specific Gravity: 0.64 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 721 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 13.0% (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 11,859 MPa
Hardness: 5782 N

Limited, especially in thick stock.

Main Uses
Furniture, doors, flooring, millwork, paneling, brush handles, woodenware, bending stock, toys and turnings.  It is particularly suitable for food and liquid containers since there is no odor or taste.