Sap Gum
(Hazelwood, Sweetgum)

Scientific Name: Liquidambar styraciflua

General Description
The sapwood tends to be wide and is white to light pink, while the heartwood is reddish brown, often with darker streaks.  The wood has irregular grain, usually interlocked, which produces an attractive figure.  It has a fine uniform texture.

Working Properties
The wood is easy to work, with both hand and machine tools.  It nails, screws and glues well, takes stain easily and can be sanded to an excellent finish.  It dries rapidly with a strong tendency to warp and twist.  It has a high shrinkage, and is susceptible to movement in performance.

Physical Properties
Sap Gum is moderately hard, stiff and heavy and has a low steam bending classification.

Specific Gravity: 0.52 (12% M.C.)
Average Weight: 545 kg/m3 (12% M.C.)
Average Volumetric Shrinkage: 12% (Green to 6% M.C.)
Modulus of Elasticity: 11,308 MPa
Hardness: 3781 N

Readily available.

Main Uses
Cabinet making, furniture parts, doors, millwork, strips and mouldings, turnings and rail ties.  Good substitute for walnut when stained.